Ready or not, fall is here! And here are 5 cool things about this season that could make it even more special.
1. A Lunar Event
In America, we use the term “fall” to refer to the cooler months of the year preceding the coldest season. Fall begins September 23rd and ends on December 21st.
In England the word “autumn” is used. Prior to these names, the season was called “harvest” because of the harvest moon or full moon which occurs around the autumn equinox.
2. It’s Science
The yellow and orange color we see in leaves are actually contained within them throughout the year. During warmer months, these colors are overpowered by the green color produced by chlorophyll.
As the days grow shorter in the fall, chlorophyll in plants decrease. Thus allowing yellow and orange colors to emerge.
Red and purple colors appear in leaves due to their high sugar content. Plants store and use sugar content as fuel in the fall and winter months.
Evergreen trees such as pine, cedar and spruce stay green throughout the year due to a thick wax that prevents their needles from freezing over or reacting to cold weather.
3. The Earth’s Tilt
The four seasons are caused by the tilt of Earth either towards or away from the sun.
When the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, temperatures decrease. The result is the occurence of the fall and winter seasons.
4. Pumpkin Spice Latte
Pumpkin spice has taken the world by storm. It however doesn’t always contain any pumpkin.
In most cases, the flavoring contains ingredients used in pumpkin pie such as cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, allspice and cloves.
5. Trick or Treat
Halloween, one of the most festive fall traditions, happens every year on October 31st. The holiday has Celtic origins and was originally a pagan ritual.
The Celts believed that ghosts roamed the Earth on Halloween night and dressing up as ghosts, monsters and other creatures can help ward off unwelcome spirits.
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